• When we want to throw an exception explicitly, then we should use throw keyword.
  • We can throw either checked or unchecked exception in java by throw keyword. The throw keyword is mainly used to throw customized exception(exception defined by the user).
  • The general form to declare throw an exception is : throw new exception class name;
  • For example, throw new NullPointerException("Demo");

Let's see an example;


class ThrowDemo
static void validate(int income)
throw new ArithmeticException("not able to get loan");
System.out.println("eligible for getting loan");
public static void main(String args[])


Exception in thread "main" java.lang.ArithmeticException: not able to get loan
at ThrowDemo.validate<ThrowDemo.java:6>
at ThrowDemo.main<ThrowDemo.java:12>

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